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domesday book

domesday book

... bisley in 1086

Bisley's history predates the Domesday Book by some way, and the spellings of Bisley have certainly changed through history, even within the same document.

The name is believed to be derived from 'Bisse' meaning a doe, and 'Leah' meaning a pasture.

Charters and documents have the following spellings:-

896 Biseleye
1234 Biseleg and Biseley
1313 Bysslegh
1345 Bisseleye
1350 Biseleye and Bissleye
1395 Bysselye
Henry VIII Bessely
Queen Elizabeth I Bisley
1638 Besseley

Below is the entry for Bisley in the Domesday Book, written in 1085-6. Earl Hugh was William the Conqueror's cousin, Hugh d'Avranches, and Robert was Hugh's cousin, Robert de Tilleul, translated by The National Archives.

Translation of Great Domesday Book Folio 166v - The National Archive

GLOUCESTERSHIRE

XXI. THE LAND OF THE CHURCH OF LAMBETH

IN "CELFLEDETORN" HUNDRED

THE CHURCH OF ST MARY of LAMBETH holds ASTON SUBEDGE. Countess Gode held it TRE. There are 4 hides. In demesne are 3 ploughs; and 6 villans and 1 knight with 3 ½ ploughs. There are 6 slaves and 3 female slaves. It was worth 100s ; now 4l.

XXII. THE LAND OF SAINT-EVROUL

IN 'HOLFORD' HUNDRED

THE CHURCH OF SAINT-EVROUL holds ROEL of the king. Wulfweard held it TRE. There are 10 hides. In demesne are 4 ploughs; and 16 villans and 2 bordars with 6 ploughs. There are 3 slaves. It is and was worth 10l. This manor has never paid geld.

XXIII. THE LAND OF THE CHURCH OF THE NUNS OF CAEN

IN CIRENCESTER HUNDRED

THE CHURCH of the nuns of LA TRINITE of CAEN holds PINBURY of the king. There are 3 hides. In demesne are 3 ploughs; and 8 villans and a smith with 3 ploughs. There are 9 slaves, and a mill rendering 40d. It is and was worth 4l.

IN LONGTREE HUNDRED

The church itself holds MINCHINHAMPTON. Countess Gode held it TRE. There are 8 hides. In demesne are 5 ploughs; and 32 villans and 10 bordars with 24 ploughs. There is a priest and 10 slaves, and 8 mills rendering 45s , and 20 acres of meadow, [and] woodland 2 leagues long and half a league broad. It is worth 28l.

XXIIII. THE LAND OF THE CHURCH OF TROARN

IN LONGTREE HUNDRED

THE CHURCH OF SAINT-MARTIN of TROARN holds HORSLEY by gift of King William. Gode, the sister of King Edward, held it. There are 10 hides. In demesne are 4 ploughs; and 6 villans and 5 bordars with 6 ploughs, and 1 radknight, and in Gloucester 1 house rendering 6d. 1 There is a mill rendering 50d. It was worth 12l ; now 14l.

XXVII. THE LAND OF EARL ROGER

IN "GERSDONES" HUNDRED

EARL ROGER holds MEYSEY HAMPTON , and Thorvald, the nephew of Vigot, [holds] of him. 2

XXVIII. THE LAND OF EARL HUGH

IN BISLEY HUNDRED

EARL HUGH holds BISLEY , and Robert [holds] of him. There are 8 hides. In demesne are 4 ploughs; and 20 villans and 28 bordars with 20 ploughs. There are 6 slaves and 4 female slaves. There are 2 priests and 3 8 radknights having 10 ploughs, and 23 other men paying 44s and

IN LONGTREE HUNDRED

Tthe same earl holds WESTONBIRT. Alnoth held it TRE. There are 3 hides paying geld. In this hundred Leofwine held 1 hide. 2 sesters of honey. There are 5 mills rendering 16s , and woodland rendering 20s , and in Gloucester 11 burgesses paying 66d. It was worth 24l ; now 20l.
In the same place the earl himself holds 1 hide at THROUGHAM. Leofnoth held it of King Edward and could go where he would. This land pays geld. There are 4 bordars with 1 plough, and 4 acres of meadow. It is worth 20s.
In the same place the earl himself holds half a hide which Roger de Lacy claims in Edgeworth by witness of the shire. It is worth 10s , and it pays geld.

IN 'WITLEY' HUNDRED

The earl himself holds CHIPPING CAMPDEN. Earl Harold held it. There are 15 hides paying geld. In demesne [are] 6 ploughs; and 50 villans and 8 bordars with 21 ploughs. There are 12 slaves, and 2 mills rendering 6s2d. There are 3 female slaves. It was worth 30l ; now 20l.

IN LONGTREE HUNDRED

3 The earl himself holds 2 manors of 4 hides paying geld, and 2 of his men [hold] of him. Alnoth and Leofwine held them TRE. There has been no one to answer for these lands, but they are valued by the men of the shire at 8l.

XXIX. THE LAND OF THE COUNT OF MORTAIN

IN 'WITLEY' HUNDRED

THE COUNT OF MORTAIN holds LONGBOROUGH. Tovi held it TRE. There are 2 hides. In demesne are 2 ploughs; and 3 villans and 1 bordar with 1 plough, and 4 slaves. It was worth 4l ; now 40s , and it pays geld. 1

XXV. THE LAND OF THE CHURCH OF CIRENCESTER

IN CIRENCESTER HUNDRED

THE CHURCH of CIRENCESTER holds of the king 2 hides in alms, and held them of King Edward quit of all customary dues. There are 6 acres of meadow. This is and was worth 40s.

XXVI. THE LAND OF REGENBALD THE PRIEST

IN "GERSDONES" HUNDRED
1

XXVI REGENBALD

REGENBALD holds AMPNEY ST MARY of the king. Godric held it TRE. There are 4 hides and 1 virgate. In demesne [are] 2 ploughs; and 8 villans and 1 bordar with 6 ploughs, and a priest. There are 8 slaves, and 2 mills rendering 10s , and 20 acres of meadow. It is and was worth 100s. 

The same Regenbald holds DRIFFIELD. Elaf held it of Earl Tosti. There are 7 hides. In demesne [are] 4 ploughs; and 8 villans and 2 bordars and a priest with 5 ploughs. There are 15 slaves, and a mill rendering 5s , and 20 acres of meadow. It is and was worth 8l.

IN CIRENCESTER HUNDRED The same Regenbald holds 1 hide in NORCOTE. Godric held it TRE. q In demesne is 1 plough; and 2 villans and 2 bordars with 2 ploughs. There are 6 slaves. It is worth 40s. This thegn could go where he would. The same Regenbald holds PRESTON [near Cirencester]. Elaf held it TRE. There are 8 hides paying geld besides the demesne. In demesne are 4 ploughs; and 7 villans and 6 bordars with 6 ploughs. There are 9 slaves, and 12 acres of meadow. It is and was worth 8l. Elaf himself could go where he would.

XXX. THE LAND OF GILBERT, BISHOP OF LISIEUX

IN LONGTREE HUNDRED

HUGH Maminot holds RODMARTON of Gilbert, Bishop of Lisieux, and he himself [holds] of the king. There are 2 hides. In demesne are 2 ploughs; and 1 villan and 2 bordars and a priest with 1 plough. There are 2 slaves. It was worth 4l ; now 3l. Leofwine held it of King Edward. The same Hugh holds LASBOROUGH of the bishop himself. Leofwine held it. There are 5 hides. In demesne is 1 plough; and 5 villans and a priest with 2 ploughs. There are 7 slaves. It was worth 10l ; now 50s.
IN "GRIMBOLDESTOU" HUNDRED The same Hugh holds LITTLE SODBURY of the same bishop. Alweard held it TRE. There are 5 hides paying geld. In demesne are 2 ploughs; and 4 villans and 2 bordars with 2 ploughs. There are 4 slaves, and 20 acres of meadow, [and] a small amount of woodland. It was worth 8l ; now 4l.

XXXI. THE LAND OF WILLIAM DE EU

IN "BLACHELAUE" HUNDRED

WILLIAM de EU holds STONEHOUSE. Tovi held it TRE. There were 7 hides. There are 2 ploughs in demesne; and 21 villans and 9 bordars with 20 ploughs. There are 4 slaves, and 2 mills rendering 17s6d. There are 2 arpents of vineyard. It is and was worth 8l. This manor pays geld.

IN LYDNEY HUNDRED

The same William holds 'ALVERSTON' [in Woolaston]. Bondi held it TRE. There are 3 hides paying geld. There is nothing in demesne; but 5 villans and 3 bordars have 3 ploughs. There is a fishery rendering 12d , and 10 acres of meadow, [and] woodland half a league long and a half broad. It was worth 20s ; now 30s. Henry de Ferrers claims it because Bondi held it. Ralph de Limesy, the predecessor of William, held it.
The same William holds 2 hides in the same place paying geld, and there are 2 villans with 2 ploughs. Wulfnoth held it. It is and was worth 10s. The same William held WYEGATE , and Ralph de Limesy [held it] before him. Ælfstan held it TRE. Now, by the king's order, it is in his forest. There were 6 hides, and they paid geld and were worth 60s. Now there is only a fishery rendering 10s.

IN WYVERN HUNDRED

The same William holds WOOLASTON . Beorhtric son of Ælfgar held it. There are 2 hides. There is nothing in demesne, except 5 villans with 5 ploughs. There is 1 fishery in the Severn rendering 5s , and a mill rendering 40d. It is and was worth 20s. This land pays geld.
The same William holds in TIDENHAM 1 ½ virgates paying geld. Archbishop Stigand held them. There is 1 villan with 1 plough, and 2 fisheries. It is and was worth 10s.

IN CIRENCESTER HUNDRED

The same William holds DAGLINGWORTH. Ælfstan held it TRE. There are 5 ½ hides paying geld. In demesne are 2 ploughs; and 6 villans and 4 bordars with 5 ½ ploughs. There are 7 slaves, and a mill
rendering 8s. Ralph holds this manor of William and it pays geld, but he himself retains the geld on 3
hides. 1 Frenchman holds half a hide of this land has 1 plough there with his men. The whole was worth 10l TRE; now 8l. The same William holds 1 hide in TARLTON , and Herbert [holds] of him. Leofric held it TRE and could go where he would. In demesne is 1 plough and 4 slaves. It was worth 40s ; now 20s.

IN LONGTREE HUNDRED

2 Leofnoth held it. There are 5 hides. In demesne is 1 plough, and 4 villans and 2 bordars and a priest and 2 other men. Among them all they have 2 ½ ploughs. There are 6 slaves. It was worth 8l ; now 3l.